The people who are diagnosed with the Thyroid disease might be recommended by their doctors for some test named as the thyroid peroxidase antibody test along with several other tests that are related with thyroid for the determination of the cause. The thyroid peroxidase is basically an enzyme that is normally traced in the gland of thyroid which plays a key role in producing the thyroid hormones. The thyroid peroxidase antibody test helps in the detection of the antibodies that might be present in blood against the thyroid peroxidase (TPO).
Antibodies of thyroid peroxidase
If there are antibodies of thyroid peroxidase present in the human blood then in it suggestive of the fact that the reason behind the occurrence of the disease of thyroid is the autoimmune disorder like that of the disease of Hashimoto else the disease of Grave. In the disorders of autoimmune, the immune system of an individual makes the antibodies which by mistake assault the tissues of the normal kind. The antibodies waging war over the gland of thyroid causes inflammation as well as result in the impaired functioning of the gland.
The doctor might also suggest the thyroid peroxidase antibody test in case if someone is pregnant and suffers from the disease of thyroid like that of the disease of Hashimoto or that of Grave. In such situations, the thyroid peroxidase antibody test might help in the determination of the fact whether the baby is also at some risk of this disease of thyroid or not.
While there might be some people who might have the presence of the antibodies of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) without any disease of thyroid inflicted upon them. But the thing of much of concern is that the existence of the antibodies of the thyroid peroxidase might augment and enhance the danger of the disorders of thyroid that might occur in future. In case someone has the functioning of thyroid gland proper and normal with the existence of the antibodies of thyroid peroxidase, they might be at the receiving end of the recommendations of checkups on a periodic basis in order to keep a check on the thyroid problems that might occur in future.
Many people, who suffer from the chronic thyroiditis to the extent of the percentage of 70 to 90, tend to present positive results to the thyroid peroxidase antibody test. This test is even positive among the lesser number of people suffering with other kinds of thyroid diseases. Other disorders of the autoimmune kinds which may produce a positive result to the thyroid peroxidase antibody test contain lupus, pernicious anemia, Jorgen’s syndrome as well as rheumatoid arthritis. Around a small percentage of people like 3% who possess a positive thyroid peroxidase antibody test exhibit no evidences of the disease of thyroid. There are greater chances of having the thyroid peroxidase antibody test ending in positive results in case of the females and this danger of the occurrence of the disease goes on to increase with their ages thus the group of people falling under this category must be extra cautious towards thyroid.